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Fractions as a double count

Fractions as a double count

It is common for students to see the numerator and the denominator as two separate whole numbers, recording a count of two different things.

Tasks such as these are usual in classrooms.

Colour two thirds of this shape.

What fraction of this shape is shaded?

 

Students learn to connect a part-whole area diagram with the written fraction by thinking, "The denominator tells how many parts, and the numerator tells how many are shaded."

While this is a useful basic strategy, it is problematic for several reasons.

  • The written fraction is seen as a pair of whole numbers, each recording the count of something different: a 'double count'.
  • Many students believe this double count to be the actual definition of a fraction.
  • A fraction is not comprehended as a single number, having a value like other numbers.
  • The double count cannot be generalised to all situations, such as "Share two pancakes equally among four people."
  • Students can lose sight of the whole and interpret a part-whole situation as a ratio, especially when working with fractions of collections.

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Name Class Section
Document Wrong number Folder 17
Document Expanding the view Folder 17
Document Fraction fiddle Folder 17
Document Year 3: Model and represent unit fractions including 1/2, 1/4, 1/3, 1/5 and their multiples to a complete whole Infobox 3
Document Year 2: Recognise and interpret common uses of halves, quarters and eighths of shapes and collections Infobox 3
Document Year 4: Investigate equivalent fractions used in contexts Infobox 3
Document Source Infobox 3