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Patterns

Patterns

Patterns

What are the basic ideas that students need to learn about patterns?

Many people believe that all of mathematics is about finding, explaining and linking patterns. That is why patterns are included in the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics.

Patterns are especially important in early mathematics learning. They can be fun and creative, and they lead into many fundamental ideas.

  • The concepts of multiplication, even and odd numbers, and area measurement all arise from repeating patterns.
  • The concepts of division, fractions, time lines, measurement of length, and numeration all involve equal partitioning — which also relates to repeating patterns.
  • Describing how the terms change in a growing pattern can lead to simple algebra.
  • Exploration of spatial patterns leads to simple geometry; for example:
    • concepts of symmetry, congruence, collinearity, sides and faces
    • names of common shapes and their basic properties
    • ideas such as tessellations and nets.

There are many topics in the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics that relate to patterns. You can download a list of content descriptions in Patterns and their Applications in the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics.

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Name Class Section Priority
Document Big ideas Folder 17
Document Misunderstandings Folder 17
Document Good teaching Folder 17
Document Assessment Folder 17
Document Activities Folder 17
Document Downloads Folder 17
Document Acknowledgements Folder 17